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After all the archaeological discoveries of the past century and a half, especially in the German excavations at Olympia, we can do better. In 1995 Eero Jarva published a restudy of the armor from Olympia and in 2002 Johann Peter Franz reported weights for various pieces of equipment in the extensive Axel Guttman collection. To account for the corrosion of bronze and the almost complete disappearance of leather and linen, Franz added 33 percent to each weight to approximate the weight of the piece when it was intact. Scholars can also draw on the experience of enthusiasts who have tried to reconstruct various pieces of hoplite equipment. Peter Connolly, a pioneer in this field, now has many followers in groups such as the Hoplite Association in London, the Sydney Ancients, and the Hoplitikon of Melbourne. (Book; "The battle of Marathon" by Professor Peter Krentz Davidson College NC)
AHMInc.EiV Upaton Kronidhn
ZHNA QEWN TON ARISTON AEISOMAI HDE MEGISTON,
EURUOPA, KREIONTA, TELESFORON, OSTE QEMISTI
EGKLIDON EZOMENH PUKINOUS OAROUS OARIZEI.
ILHQ, EURUOPA KRONIDH, KUDISTE MEGISTE.
Hymn 23 to Zeus
I will sing of Zeus, Chiefest among the gods and Greatest,
All seeing, the Lord of All, the fulfiller who whispers words of
wisdom to Themis as she sits leaning towards him.
Be gracious, all seeing son of Kronos, most excellent and great !
FARB is a derogatory term used in the hobby of historical reenacting in reference to participants who are perceived to exhibit indifference to historical authenticity, either from a material - cultural standpoint or in action.
Corinthian Aryballos depiction of the Trojan Horse with combatants ca. 6th Century BCE.
Military Art of Conducting and Resisting Siege Warfare
From the Greek 'POLIOKETIKOS'
From 'POLIORKETES "Taker of Cities"
(From 'POLIORKEIN' - To Besiege, From 'POLIS' City + 'HERKOS', Fence, Enclosure)
Philip II used Torsion Catapults in several sieges and Alexander employed them during his campaigns in Asia. The impact of catapults in the Fourth Century Warfare remains a matter of debate because there is little evidence that they changed the course of most sieges. Whether this pattern was due to the fact that they were seldom used or because of limits in our sources remains unclear. That they eventually became a valued tool is indicated by the appearance in Hellenistic Military manuals and the regular use of catapult- based Features in Hellenistic City walls.
Link on types of Ancient Greek Catapults & Ballista http://www.hellenicaworld.com/Greece/Technology/en/CatapultTypes.html
ALEXANDER THE GREAT at the battle of GRANICUS River , May 334 BCE.